The bathroom is an essential room, for it comprises a toilet that serves important biological as well as sanitary function. The present era has modern and sophisticated flushing toilet with a fascinating history. Here is a brief history of the flushing toilet.
Toilet in the Ancient Days
Different civilizations of man dealt with an issue of human waste disposal differently. The first flush toilet to be used by man appeared back during the Bronze Age. This ancient flush toilet was found in Crete, at the Knossos Palace. However, the real toilet experience was in Rome, where community toilet blocks have been cited. These toilets involved several men sitting together on open holes and that is how they went to the bathroom.
This was great in that beneath those toilets, gushing water was used to remove wastes immediately. There was another water channel at the foot of the toilet for washing up. This was the basis of communal toilets.
Thomas Crapper is known to have contributed largely in the invention of the first flushing toilet. His original homeland was Yorkshire. He designed a toilet with a siphon and a valve in 1891. He owned a company that manufactured water closets which were generally accepted in the UK some decades before WWI. It led to the vulgar term used to describe visiting of the toilet.
In actual sense, John Harrington is famous for inventing the modern flushing toilet in the late 16th Century. Being canny, he created two and gave one to her royal majesty, Queen Elizabeth and kept the second one for his personal use. His association with Royals made him improve his experience in the bathroom.
Since the initial invention of the flushing toilet, the common man could not access it for use. It was only meant for Royals. Dumping out in the chamber pots or streets continued for a long time. These toilets grew popular during the famous Victorian period, with most rivers full of human wastes. When this worsened in 1958, the parliament erected big blinds to block the smell, which was called the famous Great Stink. The strain on natural waterways almost broke when people moved to the city due to the industrial revolution.
Victorians began associating disease with unsanitary conditions which led to the development of municipal sewer systems to keep the city clean. Although the initial attempts were not completely efficient, cisterns mounted on the walls in 1870s largely improved the situation. The bowels were still inefficient as wastes could not flow effectively.
These bowels had been made of earthenware and glazed using elaborate designs. They were followed by toilets made of vitreous china by Thomas Twyford. Other English potteries like Wedgwood and Doulton began competing but vitreous china became the standard in the industry shortly afterward.
Most houses continued to use outhouses instead of indoor toilets before WWII. Clearing of Old Georgian and Victorian housing made most people in the UK to use indoor toilets as their attitude had now changed. What of nowadays?
Modern Era Flushing Toilets
Presently, we have modern sophisticated bathroom designs, most of which blend perfectly into any bathroom type, although in some parts of the world, toilets created by Thomas Crapper are still being used.
Eco-flush is another feature of modern toilets which reduces the amount of water used and further reduces waste.
In summary, flush toilets have a long and steady history. Although most sections in the world have attained the latest level of flush toilets use, others still use conventional toilets. Whether modern or conventional, it is essential that matters such as sanitation and privacy remain paramount. The kind of toilet we use reflects our level of civilization. As you use your toilet, remember that may be your level of civilization you have attained. Nevertheless, civilization is an ongoing process. You have a chance to use a better one.